woman understanding PTSD triggers

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder often occurring in individuals who have witnessed or experienced a traumatic event or situation. PTSD is commonly seen in veterans and first responders such as firefighters and emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Symptoms of PTSD can include triggering memories or flashbacks of the event, emotional distress, avoidance, negative thoughts, social isolation, trouble sleeping, and being easily frightened or startled. Understanding your PTSD triggers is essential when implementing effective coping mechanisms to manage them. First Responders and Veterans Therapy services are tailored to address the specific mental health challenges faced by individuals in high-stress professions.

What Are PTSD Triggers?

A trigger is a reminder, whether a smell, feeling, or place, that provokes specific symptoms or a painful memory. A PTSD trigger can range from sensory to emotional or an environmental trigger that can cause PTSD symptoms to surface, such as severe anxiety or flashbacks to the trauma. For someone living with PTSD, it’s essential to know what your PTSD triggers are and how to manage them. Understanding PTSD and what triggers negative emotions or memories as a family member or friend of a loved one is essential for providing them with the necessary support.

Without an understanding of what triggers PTSD symptoms, individuals are at risk for re-traumatization. Experiencing a PTSD trigger unexpectedly can evoke intense emotions or reactions, which can essentially cause someone to relive their trauma. The ability to identify your triggers and manage them effectively can expedite the healing process.

man struggling with PTSD triggers and how to manage them

Different Types of Triggers with PTSD

Triggers vary significantly from person to person, based on their experiences, environment, and sensitivities. There are several different types of PTSD triggers that individuals experience, including sensory triggers, emotional, environmental, and situational. Understanding these types of triggers for PTSD can help someone living with PTSD effectively manage and cope with them when faced.

Sensory Triggers: Sounds, Smells, and Sights

Sensory triggers relate to the five senses: sounds, smells, touch, tastes, and sights, which can trigger unwanted memories. Many veterans and first responders with PTSD might experience sensory triggers such as sounds that sound like explosions or gunshots. These triggers can range from sirens, shouting, specific colors or lights, the smell of smoke or gas, certain foods or drinks that link to the event, or even physical sensations.

Environmental Triggers: Places, People and Weather Conditions

Environmental triggers might be a specific place, situation, or person that resembles the place where the traumatic event occurred. This could be returning to the trauma scene or a similar environment. Particular weather conditions, whether it’s fog, rain, or thunderstorms, that might have been present during the event can be triggering for some individuals with PTSD. The time of day can also be incredibly triggering, whether it is nighttime, daytime, or dawn at the time of the event.

triggering view of ambulance lights and rain

Emotional Triggers: Feelings and Memories

Emotional PTSD triggers are specific feelings, memories, or a state of mind that someone might’ve had during the event. High levels of stress or anxiety can trigger someone’s PTSD symptoms, such as negative thoughts or flashbacks to their traumatic experience. Overwhelming situations that evoke feelings of hopelessness or being out of control can also trigger someone with PTSD.

Situational Triggers: Media, Crowds, or Conversations

Situational triggers can vary from specific scenarios, activities, dates, or movies that recall the trauma. Some might feel triggered by being in a crowd or crowded place, experiencing panic or fear. A specific date that marks the anniversary of the event or related significant days can also act as a PTSD trigger. Certain movies, news reports, or social media posts that depict similar events or themes can cause someone to feel triggered. Specific topics that touch on themes of the trauma, such as discussions about violence or death, can trigger overwhelming feelings and emotions.

How to Identify and Manage Your PTSD Triggers

Many individuals have their own personal PTSD triggers that are highly specific to their situation, including particular objects, people, or even stimuli related to their experiences and memories. Understanding the different types of PTSD triggers and what triggers you is a huge step in managing PTSD. This understanding helps you develop coping strategies to address or avoid triggers, such as self-awareness, therapy, and mindfulness.

man practicing breathing technique to cope with PTSD triggers

1. Identifying Your Triggers

Taking note of your experiences and when you feel triggered, or experience PTSD symptoms can help identify what triggers you. Write down the details about your location, what you were doing, your surroundings, and your thoughts. Over time, this can help you identify any patterns that might reveal your triggers. Take time for self-reflection. Identify when your symptoms were particularly intense and what might have anticipated these episodes.

Talking to a mental health professional offers emotional support when dealing with PTSD, helping you explore and identify your triggers. A therapist provides a safe and confidential space to discuss your situation, using various techniques to help you address and avoid triggering situations. Mindfulness practices can enhance self-awareness, providing mental and emotional clarity that can assist when identifying early signs of triggers.

2. Managing and Coping with PTSD Triggers

Once you understand what PTSD triggers are and identify your triggers, the next step is developing strategies to manage and cope with them. Implementing coping strategies is essential for living with PTSD or any mental health condition. Coping mechanisms help you manage your reactions and PTSD symptoms through deep breathing, mindfulness meditation, or grounding techniques. These can help mitigate PTSD symptoms if you start to feel triggered, reducing the intensity of your response.

Developing a safety plan for triggering situations or senses like smells that cannot be avoided can help you take the necessary steps when facing a trigger. This can help reduce anxiety and keep you in control when you feel overwhelmed by the situation. Ongoing psychotherapy or medication for PTSD can make triggers less overwhelming and provide the proper tools to manage them. Establishing a consistent routine can give you a renewed sense of purpose and stability, reducing the impact of triggers and improving your well-being.


  • American Psychiatric Association. What is Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
  • PsychCentral, 2022. What Are Triggers, and How Do They Form?
  • Healthline, 2024. 30 Grounding Techniques to Quiet Distressing Thoughts.