man needs treatment for drug abuse and bone health, drug rehab treatment for drug addiction

The abuse of substances, whether prescription or illicit drugs, can take a significant toll on human health and function. Drug abuse affects nearly every system within the human body, including the central nervous system (CNS), respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, endocrine system, and musculoskeletal system.

The Impact of Drug Abuse on the Skeletal System

While most drugs have profound and detrimental effects on the skeletal system, different types of substances impact bone health in specific ways. Whether it’s opioids, stimulants, steroids, or tobacco, drug abuse can lower bone mineral density (BMD), weaken the bones, delay healing, and increase the risk of fractures. Both directly and indirectly, drug abuse can impact bone mineral density (BMD), causing osteopenia, osteoporosis, osteonecrosis, and oral changes.

drug abuse impact on bone health

Prescription drugs can also impact bone health, such as:

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): Lexapro, Prozac, Cymbalta, and Zoloft
  • Corticosteroids: Prednisone, Medrol, Flovent
  • Type 2 diabetes medications: Actos, Invokana
  • Anti-androgen medications: Casodex, Xtandi
  • Anti-estrogen medications: Soltamox, Femara,
  • Some seizure medications: Tegretol, Dilantin, and Depakote
  • Tramadol (Conzip, Qdolo)

Certain drugs may impair the bone’s ability to grow, repair, and maintain bone tissue and integrity. Drug abuse disrupts the balance of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, cells responsible for bone formation and resorption. This imbalance of osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity weakens bone structure, heightening the risk of musculoskeletal conditions like osteoporosis. People with substance use disorders (SUDs) often experience lower levels of sex hormones like testosterone and estrogen, which are essential for maintaining bone mineral density (BMD).

Someone struggling with illicit drug abuse may also be more susceptible to engaging in risky behaviors and decisions, heightening the risk of falls, accidents, and bone injuries. Drug and alcohol addictions often facilitate poor dietary habits and nutritional intake, further depriving the bones of essential nutrients. Lifestyle habits and changes associated with substance abuse, such as poor sleep patterns or a lack of physical activity, play a part in bone deterioration and weakening.

woman with bone problems from drug abuse and addiction

Opioids: Bone Density and Health

Obtaining opioids through a healthcare professional or the illicit drug market are both widely abused for their addictive, pain-relieving properties. Opioids, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, fentanyl, and heroin, have severe side effects and risks, including overdose.

Over time, opioid misuse and abuse can reduce bone density, primarily through the inhibition of osteoblastic activity and certain hormones, including gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Opioid drug abuse impacts bone health by lowering bone mass density and bone metabolism, contributing to osteoporosis and higher fracture risk.

Stimulants: Bone Nutrition and Maintenance

Stimulants, such as cocaine and methamphetamine (METH), reduce appetite, which can lead to nutritional deficiencies such as insufficient vitamin D and calcium intake. On top of the deficiencies in minerals essential for bone health, stimulant abuse decreases bone mass and integrity. Due to the effect of stimulants on the central nervous system (CNS), this form of drug abuse affects bone metabolism and bone turnover, contributing to a reduction in lower limb muscle strength and osteonecrosis in the jaw.

Tobacco: Bone Mineral Density

Tobacco’s effects on bone health include lower bone mineral density (BMD), increased fracture risk, and delayed bone healing caused by smoking tobacco or using nicotine products. Tobacco smoking or nicotine abuse impairs the absorption of calcium, which is a vital nutrient for bone mineralization and density. Tobacco smoke indirectly affects bone mass by altering body weight, sex hormones, and oxidative stress on bony tissues.

Nicotine products and tobacco smoking can alter the blood flow to the bones by constricting blood vessels. The lack of blood circulation can slow down bone repair and regeneration, significantly impacting bone health.

Holistic Strategies and Treatment for Drug Abuse and Bone Health

Recovering from drug abuse and poor bone health requires a multi-faceted holistic treatment approach to address both conditions. A professional South Florida drug rehab treatment center offers many benefits for individuals struggling with substance use disorders (SUDs) and bone health issues, including:

  1. Safe drug detoxification and withdrawal management
  2. Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for drug abuse and bone health issues
  3. Around-the-clock health monitoring
  4. Nutritional support
  5. Physical activity and therapy
  6. Psychological and social support
  7. Healthy lifestyle modifications
  8. Mindfulness-based techniques
  9. Holistic therapies: Acupuncture, aromatherapy, massage therapy, and lymphatic drainage

Nutritional support in drug rehab supplies patients with a well-balanced diet rich in vitamin D, calcium, and other nutrients essential for supporting bone health and drug rehab. Drug rehabilitation programs understand the importance of physical health during recovery, incorporating physical activities and exercises into our holistic programs. This may include mindfulness meditation, yoga, physical therapy, and strength-training exercises. Mindfulness techniques in drug rehab allow individuals to focus on reducing stress and anxiety and strengthening mental and spiritual health.

drug rehab with holistic therapies for drug abuse

Holistic therapies in addiction treatment hone in on treating the individual as a whole—mind, body, and soul. With mental health support in drug rehab, patients undergo individual counseling and behavioral therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to ensure patients achieve physical and psychological health in recovery. Addiction specialists emphasize the significance of lifestyle modifications in recovery, including stress management, prioritizing good sleep habits, maintaining a nutritional diet, and avoiding and managing addiction triggers.

Drug Rehab in Palm Beach, FL

At Rock Recovery Center, our drug and alcohol rehab in Palm Beach, FL, patients undergo treatment programs specialized to their specific needs and requirements. Our individualized treatment plans ensure patients receive the highest care needed for a successful drug detox and treatment. Our Palm Beach drug rehab prioritizes health and wellness, ensuring patients live a healthy and happy life in recovery.

Contact us today for more information on West Palm Beach, FL, drug rehab treatment.